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Chlamydia Tests, Symptoms and Detection

Chlamydia is the most widespread STD in the United States, with 1,030,911 new infections reported in 2006 alone, and more than twice as many are estimated to be infected in total. It is difficult to detect without medical aid, due to how often Chlamydia is asymptomatic: only 25% of women, and 50% of men afflicted show any symptoms.

Risk Factors:

Like all STDs, one is more likely to catch Chlamydia if they have multiple partners, and engage in unprotected sex. Ignoring the symptoms of Chlamydia in yourself, or your partner, can significantly increase chances of spreading the disease.

Mothers infected with Chlamydia can spread the infection to infants during childbirth. Immediate consultation with your doctor for post-natal care is necessary and important. Untreated Chlamydia infections in infants most often result in permanent blindness.

The symptoms of Chlamydia include milky white discharge of the cervix in women, and a pale cloudy discharge from the tip of the penis in men. Pain during sex, itching or swollen genitals, lower back and abdominal pain, and intermittent bleeding between periods in women are less common symptoms.

The Importance of Treatment:

Chlamydia is treatable with antibiotics, and should be taken care of immediately. Permanent complications of Chlamydia in men are less common than in women, but can include permanent pain during orgasm, or rarely, infertility. Women infected with Chlamydia without treatment can suffer permanent lower abdominal and pelvic pain, increased risk of miscarriage, and complete infertility.

Detection:

Chlamydia is best detected through a simple urine test. Due to the usually asymptomatic nature of the disease, annual screening tests are recommended for all sexually active adults. If you feel you or your partner are at risk of Chlamydia, please contact our doctors to set up an appointment immediately.

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