STIs or sexually transmitted infections are infections you can get by having sex with someone infected with it. These infections are usually passed by having vaginal intercourse, but they can also be passed through anal sex, oral sex or skin-to-skin contact. STIs can be caused by viruses or bacteria. If one has had sex, then one is at risk of becoming infected with STI. People who are at high risk are those who have an active sex life and do not practice protected sex.
There are different types of STIs, but most of the time, their symptoms appear to be similar. Some of these symptoms are itching around the vagina and/or discharge from the vagina for women, discharge from the penis for men, pain during sex or when urinating, pain in the pelvic area, sore throats in people who have oral sex, pain in or around the anus for people who have anal sex, chancre sores on the genital area, anus, tongue or throat, scaly rash on the palms of your hands and the soles of your feet, dark urine, loose, light-colored stools, and yellow eyes and skin, small blisters that turn into scabs on the genital area, swollen glands, fever and body aches, unusual infections, unexplained fatigue, night sweats and weight loss and soft, flesh-colored warts around the genital area.
If one of these symptoms occurs, the person may need to take an STD test. This will confirm if he or she is infected with STI. There are affordable STD testing that is conducted in local Laboratories, or if the patient would like to get tested on the same day, a quick STD testing may be given. They can have the results in as quickly as three business days. And if one needs some privacy on his or her testing, STD testing clinics are now offering private, confidential or anonymous STD testing. This provides more confidentiality to the identity of the patient and his or her test results.
There are lots of testing methods that a patient may choose from. He or she need not hesitate because this can actually save his or her life. As we all know, STDs when left untreated may result to further health complications. Some of these complications are reproductive health damage, nervous system problems, heart problems, brain damage, pneumonia, cancers and even death.
Having STI should not be ignored. These should be detected early and treated promptly. These are major life threatening infections. These may be prevented before it gets to you. The best prevention one can do is to abstain from sex. Of course, STIs are sexually transmitted. So, if you do not do the act, then you will not get infected with it. Another thing is to limit your sex partners. Changing or having multiple sex partners can increase one’s risk for infection. And lastly, if all things fail, just use a condom and make sure both partners get tested before entering into a physical relationship.