Urinalysis (UA) is the process of examining a urine sample for any irregularities, to help doctors determine whether there are any health problems with a person. Urine is a widely variable waste product, containing materials from much of the body’s ongoing processes, and examining it is an important process in any serious medical procedure.
Urine is especially important in determining the occurrence of STDs, as many infections effect the genitals and urinary tract of those afflicted, vastly changing the chemistry of urine. Gonorrhea and Chlamydia are most easily detected through urine sampling, and many other diseases may require urine sampling as a backup of other methods.
A standard urine sample will generally be examined for:
- Unusually strong odor
- Amount of solid material and heavy metals dissolved
- Protein content
- Glucose levels
- Nitrate/Nitrite substitution
- Presence of white or red blood cells
- Excessive amounts of body chemicals associated with fat-burning
- Any kidney ‘casts’, or clumps of matter, formed by renal malfunction
- Excessive amounts of crystallized matter
- Microbes, bacteria, and yeast cells